How is robotic knee replacement performed?

Written by: Mr Giles Heilpern
Published: | Updated: 12/06/2024
Edited by: Conor Lynch

In this article below, distinguished consultant orthopaedic surgeon, Mr Giles Heilpern, discusses the process involved in a robotic knee replacement, whilst also outlining the associated benefits and risks.

What is meant by robotic knee replacement?

Robotic knee replacement is a cutting-edge surgical procedure that offers enhanced precision and improved outcomes for patients suffering from severe knee arthritis or other debilitating knee conditions. This advanced technique leverages robotic technology to assist surgeons in performing knee replacement surgeries with remarkable accuracy, ultimately leading to better patient experiences and quicker recoveries.


What does a robotic knee replacement process entail?

The robotic knee replacement process begins with a comprehensive preoperative plan. Advanced imaging, such as a CT scans or MRI, is used to create a detailed 3D model of the patient’s knee.


This model allows the surgeon to thoroughly analyse the knee’s anatomy, identify any abnormalities, and plan the surgery with a high degree of precision. The preoperative plan includes determining the optimal size and placement of the knee implant, ensuring a tailored fit for each patient.


How is it performed?

During the surgery, the robotic system provides real-time feedback and guidance to the surgeon. This system typically consists of a robotic arm controlled by the surgeon, which assists in making precise bone cuts and placing the implant with exceptional accuracy.


The robotic technology ensures that even the smallest adjustments can be made during the procedure, enhancing the alignment and stability of the implant. This level of precision is difficult to achieve with traditional surgical methods.


What are the main associated benefits of robotic knee replacement?

One of the primary benefits of robotic knee replacement is the improved alignment and positioning of the implant. Proper alignment is crucial for the longevity and function of the knee replacement.


Misalignment can lead to uneven wear, instability, and increased risk of complications. With robotic assistance, the chances of achieving perfect alignment are significantly higher, resulting in better long-term outcomes for patients.


Patients who undergo robotic knee replacement often experience several benefits compared to traditional knee replacement surgery. These include reduced postoperative pain, shorter hospital stays, faster recovery times, and improved knee function. The minimally invasive nature of the procedure, combined with the precise placement of the implant, contributes to these positive outcomes.


Are there any risks?

As with any surgical procedure, there are risks associated with robotic knee replacement, including infection, blood clots, and complications related to anaesthesia. However, the advanced planning and precision of robotic-assisted surgery can help minimize these risks.


To consult with Mr Giles Heilpern today, simply visit his Top Doctors profile.

By Mr Giles Heilpern
Orthopaedic surgery

Mr Giles Heilpern is a highly experienced specialist knee and shoulder surgeon. He performs all aspects of knee surgery including ligament reconstruction, meniscal surgery, realignment osteotomy, and robotic partial and total knee replacement.

He performs keyhole surgery of the shoulder treating instability, rotator cuff tears, and degenerative issues. He has developed a special interest in sports injuries in elite and recreational athletes with a particular emphasis on return to play whilst avoiding surgery wherever possible. As an avid and expert skier and snowboarder he has considerable experience and expertise treating all ski injuries whether minor or complex with a view to returning patients to the piste – wherever possible avoiding sugery.

Mr Heilpern is an expert MAKO robot robotic knee replacement surgeon with a high volume knee replacement practice. Mr Heilpern regularly teaches other surgeons techniques of ligament reconstruction, meniscal repair and knee replacement and has only recently stepped down as Director of Surgery at the South West London Elective Orthopaedic Centre – the largest joint replacement unit in Europe.

Mr Heilpern prides himself on delivering world class care and will offer bespoke advice and treatment. He uses a large network of handpicked physiotherapists and sports physicians to facilitate a rapid recovery and a timely return to play.

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