Oncoplastic surgery – restorative options for women with breast cancer

Written by: Mr Maisam Fazel
Published: | Updated: 30/11/2018
Edited by: Bronwen Griffiths

Following breast cancer treatment, many women who have undergone mastectomies are either content, but some wish to find a solution to return shape to their breasts. Some women do so with the use of mastectomy bras, however, some women seek a more permanent solution in the form of oncoplastic surgery. Mr Maisam Fazel, an expert aesthetic and reconstructive surgeon, explains in detail the different options available.

What is oncoplastic surgery?

This is a newer approach to breast cancer surgery and involves combining the safe removal of cancerous breast tissue, whilst leaving the breasts in an aesthetically acceptable way. Whilst oncoplastic surgical techniques can be used at the same time as breast cancer surgery, they can also be applied down the line after the cancerous tissue has been removed.

Why do some women have oncoplastic surgery?

Some women who have undergone breast cancer treatment can be left with no breast tissue, or misshaped breasts, as a result of tumours being surgically removed. This can sometimes make women lose confidence or have a negative body image as a result. Oncoplastic surgery can restore shape to the breasts.

What are the different types of breast reconstruction?

Breast reconstruction is bespoke, and each case is different with different end requirements being present. Therefore, there are a range of techniques that can be used to reconstruct breasts after breast cancer surgery.


  • This technique is best for reconstruction breasts that have had smaller tumours removed.
  • The remaining breast tissue is reshaped after a lumpectomy to hide and disguise any imperfections.

Therapeutic mammoplasty:

  • This technique is similar to breast reduction surgery, and can often suit women with larger breasts as the breasts are reduced in size and lifted.
  • Instead of the all the breast tissue being removed (mastectomy), just the large tumours are removed.
  • Any unaffected breast tissue can be adjusted to form more symmetrical breasts.

Local perforator flap volume replacement:

  • This can be a good solution for women with smaller breasts and with tumours that are located in the outer and lower half of the breasts.
  • Tissue is transplanted from the lateral chest wall to replace the volume lost through lumpectomy.


  • Fat from one part of the body is transferred, by injection, into the breast area.
  • This is a good alternative for women who do not want silicone breast implants but want to achieve a similar result and it is a good solution for post-lumpectomy patients.
  • Sometimes this procedure needs to be repeated to achieve the ideal aesthetic outcome.


If you would like to find out more about breast reconstruction and oncoplastic surgery, make an appointment with a specialist.

By Mr Maisam Fazel

Mr Maisam Fazel is a consultant aesthetic, oncoplastic and reconstructive surgeon based at several prominent clinics in London and the Home Counties. He has a unique background in plastic and breast surgery, with a clinical interest in cosmetic surgery, breast reconstruction and breast cancer.

Mr Fazel trained at several leading teaching hospitals in London, Paris, and Milan, and completed several fellowships in both the UK and US, including the prestigious Royal College of Surgeons Cosmetic Fellowship, gaining considerable experience in a variety of cosmetic procedures, and working with some of the top plastic surgeons in the UK. 

Mr Fazel is a leading expert in gynaecomastia surgery having pioneered innovative techniques in this area. He is also well known for his work in post pregnancy body reshaping (mummy makeovers), VASER liposuction, PLEXR soft surgery and variety of oncoplastic techniques used during breast cancer surgery.

Mr Fazel has published widely in his field, with publications in cosmetic and reconstructive surgery to his name, and has regularly presented his work both nationally and internationally. He is also actively involved in breast reconstruction research and has been part of the faculty of the Royal College of Surgeons. He is frequently invited to lecture internationally and is also involved in medical charities in the developing world.

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