Sinusitis (sinus infection) symptoms

Written by: Mr Nikul Amin
Published: | Updated: 03/07/2023
Edited by: Aoife Maguire

Sinusitis is a common condition that affects millions of people every year in the UK. Following a persistent cold, the lining of the sinuses becomes inflamed, which causes sinus infection symptoms such as a blocked nose and sinus pain. ENT consultant Mr Nikul Amin explains the symptoms of sinusitis and how it can be treated.



Symptoms of sinusitis


The symptoms are a combination of one or more of:

  • A blocked nose
  • Facial congestion
  • Excessive catarrh (runny nose)
  • Poor sense of smell

Often this leads to poor quality sleep and reduced productivity. Less common symptoms include dizziness, blocked ears and toothache.

When a patient develops a cold that "won’t go away” dragging on for weeks, or recurring frequently, that is when to consider the diagnosis of sinusitis. The diagnosis is mostly based on the symptoms but the doctor would also examine the nose and if need be arrange appropriate investigations.


Treatment of sinus infections


Sinusitis is treated medically and is based on treating any underlying allergies with appropriate sprays and tablets. Occasionally antibiotics are needed but this is not the rule. In most cases of sinusitis this would be sufficient. If medical treatment fails, then a referral to an ENT specialist will be required.

Sinus infections are occasionally serious when they threaten to spread to neighbouring structures such as the eyes of the brain. However, in most cases, sinusitis is not a serious condition, and with appropriate treatment, it can be controlled.


Surgery choice for chronic sinusitis


Surgery may be the only option in draining a badly blocked or infected sinus properly.

Endoscopic surgery is the preferred choice of surgery for most cases of chronic sinusitis as it is less invasive. Endoscopic surgery can remove the blockage of the sinus openings, which could include bone or polyps (growths).

Sinus surgery is used when there is development of pus in a sinus or an infection in the facial bones. During this procedure, the doctor makes an opening in the sinus from inside the mouth or through the skin of the face.




If you would like to book a consultation with Mr Amin, do not hesitate to do so by visiting his Top Doctors profile today.

By Mr Nikul Amin
Otolaryngology / ENT

Mr Nikul Amin is a highly experienced and trusted London-based ENT consultant who treats both children and adults, and specialises in otology, hearing loss, paediatric ENT, ear infections, cochlear implants, as well as cholesteatoma. He currently practises privately with Guy's and St Thomas Private Healthcare, and is presently offering his services at locations such as the London Bridge Hospital, St Thomas' Hospital, and Spire St. Anthony's Hospital

Mr Amin, who possesses a specialist interest in the management of ear and hearing problems, graduated in 2006 after completing a bachelor of science in pharmacology at University College London. He would then go on to obtain an MBBS (2009) as well as a MSc in evidence-based healthcare (2017) from said university. The esteemed ENT expert, who is also highly skilled when it comes to performing hearing implant surgery, successfully completed an internationally recognised advanced otology and auditory implants fellowship at Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust in 2020. 

Notably, he has published a substantial amount of peer-reviewed articles, and has been awarded a host of esteemed awards, including the TWJ Foundation Short Fellowship, the Simpson Smith Travel Award, as well as the Ethicon Foundation Travel Fund Grant. 

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