Laparoscopy is a surgical technique to inspect the abdominal cavity in cases there is no need to make large incisions. During the laparoscopic surgery, a laparoscope is inserted into the abdomen, which is a tube containing an optical system coupled to a light source. The camera allows the doctor to inspect the pelvic organs from a monitor and, if necessary, to introduce other instruments through the same laparoscope to correct a problem. The advantages of surgical laparoscopy are many, so it is applied in various specialties. When used in urology, patients require shorter hospitalisation and recovery times, there are fewer chances of infectious complications, and there is less postoperative pain and no visible scarring. In gynaecology, it is used for: cysts, fibroids, hysterectomies, pelvic inflammatory diseases, ectopic pregnancies, etc. In addition, laparoscopy is used in other medical specialties and conditions such as prostate cancer, variceal or some kidney diseases.