What is neurofeedback?
Neurofeedback, or neurotherapy/neurobiofeedback, is a particular type of biofeedback (a process which helps us to gain awareness of our physiological functions through certain instruments) which shows real-time displays of brain activity in order to help teach self-regulation of brain function. The most common display method used is EEG, or electroencephalography.
Why is it done?
Neurofeedback measures the brain waves, in turn producing a signal which helps to teach self-regulation of brain function. The signal is usually provided using sound, or video, and positive feedback is given for desired brain activity, while negative feedback is given for undesired brain activity.
Brain waves are electrical impulses which are produced when the cells in the brain communicate. These brain waves correspond to how we feel, how we act, and how we function. You can get a very good idea of a person’s habits, mood, and stress, simply through brain waves. Neurofeedback seeks to help train the brain to correct brain imbalances or chronic emotions which affect people in their daily lives.
What does it involve?
First, an in-depth analysis is made of the individual’s brain activity, and areas of concern are identified. Once these have been identified, a neurofeedback session is scheduled. During this session, the patient sits in a quiet space, with special sensors attached to their head which monitor their brain activity. Feedback is then given which reinforces optimal brain wave function. Neurofeedback is non-invasive and works by manipulating the brain rather than shocking it into change.
How do you prepare for neurofeedback?
Before neurofeedback, it is essential to undergo a thorough assessment with a trained professional who is able to assess you correctly and also explain the process to you.
There is no particular aftercare to follow other than making sure to attend further scheduled sessions.