Personality disorders

Specialty of Psychology

Personality disorder is when the behaviour, thoughts and emotions that make up a person's way of life present a prolonged deviation over time in respect to the personality patterns considered "healthy" within a scope or scenario. These types of psychiatric disorders interfere in the daily life of the person, who suffers problems of social adaptation, so that their capacity for relationship and coexistence is complicated and can lead to their social isolation. Therefore, the treatment of personality disorders requires treatment with personalised psychological therapy. According to the degree of variation of the thought structure and the inappropriate behaviour of these patients, different types of personality disorder have been described: histrionic, that of people who always want to be the focus of attention and act in a dramatic and superficial way; Narcissistic, typical of arrogant subjects who think themselves omnipotent; Borderline, a pattern of impulsive, unstable character with a tendency to self-aggression; Antisocial, the person who acts ruthlessly with violence and evil; Paranoid, which implies disproportionate distrust of everything; Schizoid, characteristic of lonely people and indifferent to the feelings of others; Obsessive, that of perfectionist or scrupulous subjects; Avoidance, which implies avoidance of anxiety situations; Or dependent, characteristic of people who are indecisive and lack self-esteem.
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