Endometriosis is when womb-like tissue grows in places like the ovaries and fallopian tubes. Experienced gynaecologist, Elias Kovoor explains the common symptoms of this condition, which can seriously affect the health of women of all ages.
Although this is one of the most common symptoms of endometriosis, if it occurs without any of the other symptoms, it’s likely to be unrelated. However, more severe period pains occur due to the increased inflammation caused by endometriosis, as well as the presence of other conditions like adenomyosis which often coexist with endometriosis.
Severe pain during intercourse
Endometriosis can cause large cysts to grow inside the ovaries or vagina which can lead to pain during intercourse.
Painful bowel movements
Endometriosis can cause the bowel to become attached to the vagina which can lead to painful bowel movements. This is most common during periods, but can also occur more regularly. Endometriotic cysts that put pressure on the bowel can also be a cause of pain in the bowels.
Shooting pain in the rectum
This is a common symptom of rectovaginal endometriosis due to growths around the uterosacral ligament and rectovaginal zone. Rectal Bleeding Rectal bleeding usually occurs during periods, so often follows the same cycle and produces a darker blood, similar to when menstruating. You can usually differentiate it from conditions like piles or anal fissures which produce fresher blood.
This often occurs in cases of endometriosis which spread to the uterosacral ligaments.
Thigh pain usually occurs in cases of endometriosis in the ovaries, which cause the ovaries to stick to the side of the pelvis. The nerves then become irritated, resulting in thigh pain.
In cases of endometriosis that affect the bladder, it’s common to experience bladder pain and difficulty holding urine. In a small number of cases, when endometriosis spreads to the bladder wall, patients my find blood in their urine. If you’d like to discuss this or any other gynaecological issue with Dr Kovoor, you can request an appointment by visiting his profile.