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Ankle arthrodesis

Orthopaedic surgery

What is ankle arthrodesis? Ankle arthrodesis, also known as ankle fusion, is a surgical procedure to fuse two or more bones in the ankle and anchor the joint. This procedure is performed under local anesthesia and on an outpatient basis. Why is ankle arthrodesis performed? Ankle arthrodesis is most commonly performed to...

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Abdominal MRI

Radiology

An abdominal MRI is a type of scan which uses a magnetic field and radio waves to produce detailed images of the soft tissues in your abdomen. An MRI is carried out by a radiologist, and is a safe and pain-free procedure. Why do I need an abdominal MRI? An abdominal MRI...

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Abdominal pain

Surgery

What is abdominal pain? Abdominal pain can be a symptom of many conditions. It is the name given to pain that radiates between the chest and the groin. The most common cause is: constipation, irritable bowel syndrome, food allergies or intolerances, or food poisoning. There are different types of abdominal pain, including: Burning pain: could be caused by gastritis, an ulcer, or reflux. Colic pain: could be due...

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Abdominal ultrasound

Gastroenterology

Abdominal ultrasound is a diagnostic test that allows the study of the organs and structures in the abdominal cavity through the use of ultrasound waves. It is possible to carry out simultaneous interventions such as drainage of abscesses or biopsies, and the examination of flow within thee blood vessels through a special ultrasound called Doppler ultrasound.

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Abdominal wall reconstruction

Surgery

What is abdominal wall reconstruction surgery? The abdominal wall is the three layers of muscle that protect and hold the inner organs. Sometimes, the strength and thickness of these muscles can become weak and unstable, due to a number of reasons, including: Recurring hernias Open, non-healing wounds The aim of abdominal wall reconstruction surgery is to redistribute more evenly, and hence strengthen the abdominal...

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Abdominoplasty

Plastic surgery

What is an abdominoplasty? Abdominoplasty, which is also known as a tummy tuck, is a cosmetic surgical procedure that flattens the abdomen by surgically removing excess skin and fat from the middle and lower abdomen. This allows the abdominal wall muscles to be tightened. This is a major procedure that requires general anaesthesia. It is not an alternative...

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Abnormal chest X-ray

Cardiology

What is an abnormal chest x-ray? A chest X-ray is an imaging test that utilises low doses of radiation in short blasts to create images of the inside of a patient’s chest. In this way, doctors can examine the...

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Abnormal gait

Neurology

What are gait abnormalities? Gait abnormalities are alterations in the way of walking, usually due to injuries or pathologies of the spinal cord, brain, legs or feet. They can affect the speed at which you walk, and lead problems with consistency, symmetry or movements that are not synchronised. A gait takes place following a repetitive cycle in which different structures of the central and peripheral nervous system are involved. This cycle can be affected by...

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Abortion

Obstetrics & gynaecology

An abortion, or induced abortion, is the termination of an unwanted or unviable pregnancy by removing the foetus from the womb. It can be done by medication or can be done surgically, and is a low-risk procedure.

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AC joint surgery

Orthopaedic surgery

What is AC joint surgery? AC joint surgery, also known as acromioclavicular joint surgery, is a type of shoulder operation to treat acromioclavicular joint separation, also known as a separated shoulder. An acromioclavicular joint separation occurs when the clavicle (collarbone) separates from the scapula (shoulder blade). It is not to be confused with a

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