Ask an orthopaedic surgeon about shoulder pain and arthritis

Escrito por: Mr Simon Lambert
Publicado:
Editado por: Bronwen Griffiths

What are common causes of shoulder pain?

The common causes of shoulder pain are injury to the shoulder and the shoulder girdle throughout life. Each decade of life has a slightly different prevalence of causes of shoulder pain. For instance in adolescence, a teenager with shoulder pain normally has instability of the shoulder rather than any degenerative problem. As we get older, in mid-to-late adult life, we start to get wear and tear of the tissues around the shoulder (the rotator cuff) and therefore, problems of rubbing or pain generated by the tissues becomes more common.

As we get into later middle age, then tearing of the tissues can occur and in addition to rubbing, causes pain in the shoulder. As we get into the fifth and sixth decades, we get arthritis of the shoulder and the shoulder girdle which causes pain and as we get to mid-to-late middle age, our neck becomes stiffer and then the nerves from the neck can be compressed or irritated giving rise to what we think of as shoulder pain, but is actually neck pain. Finally, in senescence, old people who are frail or elderly or malnourished can sometimes attribute their shoulder pain to infection.

Each decade has its common causes but overall, we must think about infection and injury as common causes of shoulder pain throughout life.

What are the main causes of arthritis?

There are three main causes of arthritis in the shoulder. About a third of us have arthritis as an inherited or genetic predisposition from our parents or families, which means it may have something to do with how our shoulders are built when they are being developed in the womb. Another third of us develop arthritis in the shoulder because of damage to the articulating surfaces which causes wear and tear over time. A final third of us have a chemical change in the cartilage surfaces so that the cartilage becomes less resilient to movement and so it wears out over time.

 

Can you prevent arthritis?

It is actually quite difficult to prevent arthritis of the shoulder if we are genetically predisposed to it or have injured our shoulder causing damage to the articulation surface. However, what we can do is reduce the rate of degeneration or reduce the effect that that degeneration has on the shoulder by keeping the shoulder as supple as possible and as strong as possible. We do that through carefully monitored and executed exercises so that we keep the shoulder girdle strong, and the shoulder rotator cuff muscles strong.

If we do develop arthritis, we can ameliorate the symptoms with things like omega and glucosamine medication and injections into the joint of a similar type.  

Anti-inflammatory medication can be very helpful in reducing the associated inflammation of the membrane of the joint, which in turn reduces the degradation of the articulation surface by enzymes produced by the membrane. Therefore, careful use of anti-inflammatories is helpful as we can reduce the rate of wear and tear, however, it is important to note that we cannot always stop it happening in the first place.

 

Who is at risk of getting arthritis?

Some people are born with an inherited tendency to develop arthritis. That is about a third of the people who eventually have arthritis of the shoulder have a predisposition to it and we don't quite understand why. However, the majority of people who develop arthritis of the shoulder are people with inflammation of the joints such as rheumatoid arthritis, people who have injured the joint through sports or trauma and then people who have developed weakness and tearing and therefore failure of the rotator cuff muscles which control the stability of the shoulder can also develop wear and tear of a particular variety of arthritis called cuff tear arthropathy. There are people in different categories of risk, the most important of which is probably injury.

 

If you would like to find out more, make an appointment with a specialist.

 

*Перевод с переводчиком Google. Мы приносим извинения за любые несовершенства

Por Mr Simon Lambert
травматология

Г-н Саймон Ламберт - один из самых авторитетных лондонских хирургов-ортопедов , специализирующийся на хирургии плечевого и локтевого суставов . Он выполнил большое количество специальных операций по жалобам, таким как нестабильность плеча, артропластика плеча и болезнь ротаторной манжеты , а также выполняет ревизионную операцию . Он является неотъемлемой частью многих медицинских учреждений, включая Группу экспертов по верхним конечностям, Группу классификации переломов лопатки и Европейскую многоцентровую исследовательскую группу по эпокса. Он является почетным старшим преподавателем в Калифорнийском университете и был опубликован в многочисленных рецензируемых медицинских журналах.

Г-н Ламберт был приглашен в качестве международного приглашенного лектора в египетское общество хирургии кисти и микрохирургии, которое состоялось в Каире в начале апреля 2018 года. Конгресс также был проведен по случаю 2-го заседания Панарабской ассоциации обществ хирургии кисти, Ассоциация для распространения опыта в области хирургии кисти, а также платформа для общих интересов за пределами области хирургии. Добрыми хозяевами г-на Ламберта были профессор Ашраф Мохаррам и профессор Мухаммед Эль-Махи, в то время как отличную программу и мероприятия возглавлял профессор Рами Эль Накиб. Профессор Мехмет Демирташ из Турции, хороший друг и коллега г-на Ламберта из Европейского общества хирургии плеча и локтя, также был на факультете.

Г-н Ламберт выступил с лекциями по хирургической анатомии и технике, акушерскому параличу и плечу, травме плеча у взрослого, болезни ротаторной манжеты и артриту, а также нестабильности плеча у молодого человека. В результате некоторых увлекательных и дружеских дискуссий г-н Ламберт был приглашен принять участие в конференции по параличу плеча, которая состоится в Севилье, Испания, в конце этого года.

*Перевод с переводчиком Google. Мы приносим извинения за любые несовершенства

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