Ovarian stimulation

Specialty of Obstetrics & gynaecology

Ovarian stimulation is used to increase the number of ovules in women who have difficulty conceiving and who want to undergo an assisted reproductive technique, either through artificial insemination or in vitro fertilization. The treatment consists of a subcutaneous injection of a hormonal preparation, daily, from the third day of the menstrual cycle. On the fourth day, the number and size of the follicles (where the future eggs will be developed) are monitored by vaginal ultrasound to determine the best day for the extraction of the eggs. Several oocytes are collected per cycle to be fertilized and then the embryo is implanted into the uterus. The patient is also advised to have sexual intercourse on the days identified as being the most fertile. Ovarian stimulation may increase the risk of multiple pregnancy

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