Artificial insemination is an insemination method in which the sperm is deposited in the vagina through mechanical means at a time close to ovulation. In this way, the journey of the sperm to the fallopian tubes is shortened, and therefore, there are more chances of the sperm getting closer to the ovum. The goal is to increase the chances of pregnancy in couples who have difficulties in conceiving. The technique consists, first of all, in collecting a semen sample that is treated in the laboratory to concentrate the sperm. The doctor inserts a speculum into the vagina to see the cervix and injects the semen into the uterus. In general, it is not a painful procedure and it is usually accompanied by ovarian stimulation techniques.