A fertility specialist or fertility doctor is an obstetrician/gynaecologist specialising in the issues and treatment surrounding infertility. The sub-specialty is often referred to as 'reproductive medicine', dealing with the prevention, diagnosis and management of reproductive problems.
What conditions does a fertility specialist treat?
Fertility specialists consult for and diagnose all manner of conditions surrounding infertility and related problems. Specialists may consult for both male and female infertility, making an initial assessment either for an individual or a couple. Fertility specialists typically use three main methods of treatment for fertility issues, being medication, surgical procedures, and assisted conception.
Surgery may be used for conditions such as endometriosis (where the womb lining grows outside the womb), fibroids, and PCOS. In men, surgery may be used to correct epididymal blockages, and retrieve sperm.
Fertility medication is more commonly issued to women in order to help with problems with ovulation. However, medication may be issued in some cases of male infertility or related problems.
There are many reasons to visit a fertility specialist. For women under 35, visiting a fertility specialist is recommend when you have been unable to get pregnant after one year of unprotected intercourse. Women 35 and older are recommended to visit a fertility specialist after 6 months of trying. Other reasons for visiting a fertility specialist include irregular menstrual cycles, wishing to delay conception, or being diagnosed with cancer during fertile years and wishing to conserve eggs.
If you have a thyroid condition, are overweight, or have a known reproductive issue such as PCOS, visiting a fertility specialist is advised before trying to get pregnant. Other reasons for visiting a fertility specialist include: