Depression is a mood disorder characterised by low mood for a persistent amount of time, having a significant effect on your everyday life. Depression, amongst other mental health conditions, is fairly common, and it is thought that 1 in 4 people in the UK will experience a mental health problem each year. However, treatments and therapies are available to help people struggling with depression to cope. Dr Edwin Ugoh, a leading psychiatrist, explains in detail what depression is and what can be done to beat it.
What is depression?
It is important to remember that depression is not the same as feeling sad. Feeling sad is a normal experience; it is a normal response to something that we might have lost or something that is troubling us and upsetting us. Clinical Depression, on the other hand, is a mental health disorder and it is characterised by:
- Feeling low in mood
- Not being able to enjoy things
- Feeling easily fatigued
- Difficulty with sleep
- Changes in appetite
- A lack of concentration
In addition, if depression prolongs and persists, people start having difficulties with their relationships and productivity. In some cases, depression also presents with what we call cognitive symptoms. These include a sense of hopelessness, worthlessness and pessimism. People can also experience a sense of guilt and the world can look a lot bleaker in their eyes. Lastly, it is not uncommon for people with depression to experience thoughts of suicide and self-harm.
Top tips for beating depression
There are some gentle strategies that are quite helpful for depression.
- Having a good diet
- Regular exercise
- Establishing a good sleep pattern
- Having regular social contact
- Avoiding alcohol and drugs
- Managing a healthy work-life balance
There are two specific treatment approaches for depression:
- The first is by using medication to target two particular chemicals in the brain: norepinephrine and serotonin. Based on your particular set of symptoms, a good clinical assessment will be able to tell you which is the most helpful medication.
- The second approach is by use of therapy. The therapy model used will be based on your experience and your symptoms. For example, cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), which helps to challenge negative thoughts, cognitive analytic therapy (CAT), which helps with relationships, and eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR), which helps with traumatic memories which are still causing the patient difficulties.
If you are experiencing any changes in mood, or traits described here, make an appointment with an expert to seek advice or treatment.