Eczema in children: a parent’s guide

Written by: Dr Abraham Neduvamkunnil
Edited by: Aoife Maguire

As parents, we always want what's best for our children, especially when it comes to their health and well-being. Eczema, a common skin condition in children, can often be a source of concern and confusion. Experienced consultant paediatrician Dr Abraham Neduvamkunnil provides a guide for parents, explaining what eczema is, its symptoms, possible triggers, and how to manage and alleviate its effects on your child's skin.




What is eczema?


Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that causes dry, itchy, and sometimes red and swollen patches on the skin. These patches can appear anywhere on the body, but are most commonly found on the face, hands, wrists, elbows, and behind the knees.


What are the principal symptoms of eczema?


The hallmark symptom of eczema is intense itching, which can lead to scratching and further irritation of the skin. Other symptoms may include red or inflamed skin, dry and scaly patches, and in severe cases, oozing or crusting.


What triggers eczema in children?


Eczema triggers can vary from child to child, but common triggers include certain fabrics (such as wool or synthetic materials), harsh soaps and detergents, environmental factors like pollen or pet dander, and even stress. Identifying and avoiding triggers can help in managing your child's eczema symptoms.


How can I help manage my child’s eczema?


While there is no cure for eczema, there are several strategies to help manage and alleviate its symptoms. Keeping your child's skin moisturised is key, using gentle, fragrance-free moisturizers or emollients regularly can help prevent dryness and itching.


Avoiding irritants and allergens by using mild soaps and detergents, opting for cotton clothing, and maintaining a comfortable room temperature can also make a difference. In some cases, your doctor may prescribe topical corticosteroids or other medications to help control inflammation and itching.


When is it necessary to seek medical advice?


If your child's eczema symptoms are severe or persistent, it's important to seek medical advice. Your GP or dermatologist can provide a proper diagnosis and recommend an appropriate treatment plan tailored to your child's needs.


Eczema can be a challenging condition to manage, but with the right knowledge and strategies, you can help alleviate your child's discomfort and improve their quality of life. By understanding the symptoms, identifying triggers, and implementing proper skincare routines, you can effectively manage your child's eczema and help them enjoy happy and healthy skin.




If your child is suffering from eczema and you would like to book a consultation with Dr Neduvamkunnil, simply visit his Top Doctors profile today

By Dr Abraham Neduvamkunnil

Dr Abraham Neduvamkunnil is a highly experienced consultant paediatrician and educator at Nottingham University hospitals. Having received the National Merit Scholarship from the Indian government and the Appreciation Award for excellence in Paediatrics by the Ministry of Health, Oman, he began his career with the diverse population in the UK.

For the past two decades, he has served patients in the UK and taught medical students and paediatric trainees. As an experienced paediatrician, he manages a wide repertoire of medical conditions beginning in the new-born period and through adolescence. He specialises in the management of acute and common illness in children including child allergies, eczema, wheeze, asthma, constipation, bedwetting, abdominal pain, urine infections, growth and nutrition, feeding disorders, food intolerances, fits, headache, developmental concerns, and chronic fatigue and tiredness in children.

Dr Abraham values patient confidentiality, holistic approach and patient centred care. He enjoys the role of being the educational supervisor for paediatric trainees. He also serves in the panel of examiners for post graduate paediatric trainees and International medical graduates. In addition to teaching, he values evidence-based medicine and is the clinical audit lead for paediatrics and serve on the governance committee at the busy tertiary Nottingham Children’s Hospital.

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