Exploring knee replacement surgery

Written by: Mr Rohit Maheshwari
Edited by: Aoife Maguire

Leading consultant orthopaedic surgeon Mr Rohit Maheshwari provides a guide to knee replacement surgery, providing you with valuable insights into this procedure, and helping you make informed decisions about your health and mobility.



Understanding knee replacement surgery


Knee replacement surgery, also known as knee arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure to replace damaged or diseased knee joints with artificial materials. It is typically recommended for individuals experiencing severe knee pain, stiffness, and limited mobility due to conditions such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or traumatic injury.


When Is knee replacement surgery necessary?


Knee replacement surgery is an option when conservative approaches such as medication, physical therapy, and lifestyle changes don't offer sufficient relief. Symptoms that may indicate the need for knee replacement include persistent pain, difficulty walking or climbing stairs, and decreased quality of life.


What to expect during the procedure


During knee replacement surgery, the damaged portions of the knee joint are removed and replaced with prosthetic components made of metal, plastic, or ceramic materials. The surgery is performed under general or regional anaesthesia, and may involve either partial or total knee replacement depending on the extent of joint damage.


Recovery and rehabilitation


Following knee replacement surgery, patients are typically required to stay in the hospital for a few days for monitoring and initial rehabilitation. Physical therapy is a crucial aspect of recovery, helping patients regain strength, flexibility, and mobility in the operated knee. The majority of patients can expect to resume normal activities within a few weeks to months after surgery, although full recovery may take up to a year.


Risks and complications


While knee replacement surgery is generally safe and effective, it carries certain risks and potential complications. These may include infection, blood clots, implant failure, stiffness, and nerve damage. Your healthcare team will take measures to minimise these risks and provide you with comprehensive pre- and post-operative care.


Considering your options


Before proceeding with knee replacement surgery, it is essential to discuss your concerns, expectations, and treatment options with your surgeon. They can help you weigh the benefits and risks of surgery and determine whether it is the most suitable course of action for your individual needs and circumstances.


Kreplacement surgery can significantly improve the quality of life for individuals suffering from severe knee joint problems. By understanding the procedure, risks, and recovery process, you can make informed decisions about your healthcare journey. Remember to consult with your healthcare provider to explore all available treatment options and determine the best course of action for you.




If you require a knee replacement and would like to book a consultation with Mr Maheshwari, do not hesitate to do so by visiting his Top Doctors profile today

By Mr Rohit Maheshwari
Orthopaedic surgery

Mr Rohit Maheshwari is an esteemed consultant orthopaedic surgeon based in Glasgow. With over 20 years of experience in his field, Mr Maheshwari is renowned for his expertise in all aspects of hip and knee surgery, including hip replacement and knee replacement procedures, for the treatment of hip arthritis, knee arthritis, hip pain, knee pain and wider joint pain symptoms. Mr Maheshwari currently sees private patients at Ross Hall Hospital.

He was appointed Consultant orthopaedic surgeon at Golden Jubilee University National Hospital in 2013, where he has performed more than 2,000 hip and knee replacement surgeries to date. Mr Maheshwari has a special interest in robotic-assisted joint replacement surgery. Whilst using the latest techniques and evidence-based practice, Mr Maheshwari also puts an emphasis on the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) programme to enable faster rehabilitation and thereby early functional recovery after hip and knee replacement surgery.

Mr Maheshwari completed specialist orthopaedic training in India in 1997 from Jiwaji University before relocating to the UK. Mr Maheshwari developed an interest in hip and knee surgery early in his career, and has worked in highly renowned centres in the UK before starting his Consultant position. He has accomplished two accredited fellowships: a one-year fellowship in complex hip and knee replacement surgery at the Southern General Hospital, and a British Orthopaedic Association’s fellowship in joint replacement surgery at University Hospital of North Tees.

Further to his quality hip and knee orthopaedic practice, Mr Maheshwari is a prominent figure in medical education. At present, he sits on the national selection interview panel for orthopaedic trainees, and is an examiner for both The University of Glasgow and The Royal College of Surgeons. Mr Maheshwari, who is on the GMC’s specialist register for trauma and orthopaedic surgery, also serves as a secondary care appraiser at Golden Jubilee University National Hospital.

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