Late adult acne in females: what can be done?

Written by: Dr Ravi Ratnavel
Published: | Updated: 02/12/2020
Edited by: Robert Smith

We all experience acne at certain points in our lives, as we become adults though, it often has different causes than when we are in our teenage years. In 2020, many have been experiencing mild cases of ‘maskne’ — acne caused by face masks. However, for some people, acne will appear regardless and it can be persistent, causing scarring.
 

girl with acne

In this recent article, we spoke with leading private consultant dermatologist, Dr Ravi Ratnavel , about how acne affects women, how acne in adult years differs from when we are in our teens, what the main causes are and what treatment can be used.
 

What is late persistent acne in females?

This is a common problem affecting up to 1 in 6 Women and varies in severity. In its mildest form, patients experience a pre-menstrual flare-up affecting the chin and jawline in the run-up to their period, which is self-resolving but cyclical. Nodules and cysts occur in more severe cases which can lead to severe scarring.
 

Why does it continue into adulthood?

There are hormonal factors and anatomical factors within the skin which predispose some individuals to acne. These are genetically determined.
 

What are some causes of this?

The main drivers are hormonal (particularly progesterone) either endogenous (from within) or from contraceptives including pills, implants and hormone based coils.

Oil-based makeups and over-zealous exfoliative cleansing regimes are secondary factors of importance.

A minority of women will have polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) with symptoms of irregular periods, unwanted hair (hirsutism) and acne, characteristics which overlap with what may be considered normal physiology.

The condition can of course be an extension of teenage acne in young women, sometimes temporarily helped by the combined contraceptive pill.
 

How is it different to adolescent acne?

The variation in severity tends to be the same, but older women suffer more nodules and papules (blind spots) than comedones (blackheads) and pustules seen in teenagers.

There may be a clearer association with stress and periods owing to underlying hormone changes.
 

What treatments or therapies are available to stop this?

In addition to combination retinoid / salicylic acid-based products, many patients benefit from oral Isotretinoin, which is also used to treat scarring teenage acne. This is a drug which requires careful supervision and is licensed for prescription-only by qualified dermatologists worldwide.

There are other hormonal and non-hormonal options which may be suitable in some circumstances, but require careful clinical assessment.
 

In order to treat persistent acne, it is recommended to consult with a leading dermatologist who will be able to help determine the root cause and offer appropriate treatment. Visit Dr Ravi Ratnavel’s Top Doctors profile today for information on appointment availability.

By Dr Ravi Ratnavel
Dermatology

Dr Ravi Ratnavel is a leading consultant dermatologist based on Harley Street, London and in Buckinghamshire. He is renowned for his professional, expert and friendly service. His expertise covers all aspects of dermatology, including skin cancer; hair, skin and nail disorders; acne; difficult rashes; suspicious moles and psoriasis. He also provides a paediatric service for children's rashes and other skin conditions. What's more, he's also highly skilled at performing both surgical and non-surgical skin procedures.

His primary medical education took place at Oxford University, and after his studies, his practical training took place at university hospitals associated with London and Cambridge universities. When it comes to his speciality training in dermatology, Dr Ratnavel has trained at the world-renowned St John's Institute for Dermatology in London. With his first-class training, over 30 years of experience working for the NHS and many years in the private health sector, he has developed expertise that he uses to provide care of the highest quality to all his patients. 

His special interest in skin cancer underpinned his research studies for a doctoral thesis and subsequently was put to clinical use in establishing specialist multi-disciplinary skin cancer services for the Buckinghamshire and Oxford regions, where he acted as the Clinical Lead for several years.

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