What are the main causes of arrhythmia?

Written by: Dr Konrad Grosser
Edited by: Conor Lynch

An arrhythmia, simply defined as an irregular or fluttering heartbeat, can affect anyone, causing frightening and unpleasant symptoms. It is one of the most common heart conditions currently experienced by the general population.


In this article below, esteemed and highly experienced integrated functional cardiologist, Dr Konrad Grosser, discusses the different types of arrhythmias, their causes, symptoms, and most effective treatment options.

What is arrhythmia?

Arrhythmia is a condition in which the heart beats irregularly, either too slowly or too quickly. There are several types of arrhythmias. The main types are the following: 



What are the main causes of arrhythmia?

Arrhythmias can be caused by various factors, but there is no definitive cause. The main risk factors include:



What are the symptoms?

The symptoms of arrhythmias can vary depending on the type and severity of the condition. The main symptoms are as follows:


  • palpitations (a fluttering sensation in the chest)
  • dizziness or lightheadedness
  • shortness of breath
  • chest pain or discomfort
  • fatigue or weakness


How are arrhythmias treated?

Treatment options for arrhythmias depend on the type and severity of the condition. The main, and most effective treatment options include:



To schedule in an appointment with Dr Konrad Grosser, you can simply head on over to his Top Doctors profile today to do just that.

By Dr Konrad Grosser

Dr Konrad Grosser is a leading integrated functional cardiologist based in Maidstone, Canterbury and Margate, Kent, who specialises in integrated cardiology, interventional cardiology and arrhythmia, alongside pacemaker therapy and CT imaging. He privately practices at KIMS Hospital, The Chaucer Hospital and Spencer Private Hospitals (Margate). His NHS bases are East Kent Hospitals University NHS Foundation Trust and Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust. 

Dr Grosser, who was the first surgeon to successfully undertake the first primary angioplasty for an acute heart attack patient at the award-winning East Kent Hospitals University NHS Trust, has an impressive list of educational achievements. These include an MD and PhD from the Friedrich Alexander University, Erlangen, Germany. Here he completed a scientific research project in brain electro-physiology, followed by his doctorate. He then completed his junior doctor training between 1997 to early 2000, where he achieved his MRCS (Membership of the Royal College of Physicians) and received a first class pass.

He undertook cardiology speciality training in Maastricht in the Netherlands, under Professor Wellens who is considered one of the founders of clinical cardiac electrophysiology, and in Barnsley and Leeds where he worked as a cardiologist in the busiest UK centre for interventional cardiology. Furthermore, he completed an international fellowship at the renowned Petie Salpetriere Hospital in Paris. Here he trained under Professor Montalescot, who is a world-leading name in acute coronary syndromes/heart attacks.

Away from his clinical practice and achievements, Dr Grosser is also involved in leading cardiovascular clinical research. He is the local priority group lead for cardiovascular research at East Kent Hospitals University Foundation Trust and his clinical research has been published in various peer-reviewed journals.

He is a member of various professional bodies including the British Cardiac Society (BCS), British Cardiovascular Intervention Society (BCIS) and the Royal College of Physicians (London) (MRCS London), as well as the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and the Bavarian Chamber of Medical Doctors. 

View Profile

Overall assessment of their patients

  • Related procedures
  • Heart attack
    Hypertension (high blood pressure)
    Heart failure
    Injury valves
    Heart murmur
    Ambulatory electrocardiogram (Holter)
    This website uses our own and third-party Cookies to compile information with the aim of improving our services, to show you advertising related to your preferences as well analysing your browsing habits. You can change your settings HERE.