Adrenal glands cancer

Specialty of Clinical oncology

Most tumours of the adrenal glands are tumours located in the adrenal area and are usually identified by chance as they do not produce any symptoms. In most cases, adrenal tumours are benign and require no treatment, but there are some that are malignant or cancerous. Some cancerous tumours include: carcinomas, also known as adrenocortical cancer, which is the growth of malignant cells on the outer layer of the adrenal gland; pheochromocytoma is a rare type of tumour that is associated with other diseases or cancers in the patient such as the syndrome of multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN); and neuroblastoma, which appears in childhood, sometimes even before birth, and has very dramatic symptoms (lumps in the abdomen, neck or chest, stomach inflammation and bone pain, bulging eyes with dark circles, or inability to move part of the body). The treatment of these tumours is usually tailored to each patient and their evolution, but the most common is surgery to remove the tumour, complementing the operation with chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
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