The pediatric orthopedics is a specialty of orthopedic and trauma surgery which is responsible for injuries and musculoskeletal disorders of children and adolescents. Also called child childhood trauma or orthopedic surgery. Covering all subspecialties that have adult orthopedics, but professionals who are dedicated to this discipline have specific training in congenital or acquired in children and adolescents orthopedic problems, since the lesions change and the body responds differently according to age patient. It is precisely in the infant stages when the muscles and bones are in continuous growth and development. Therefore, orthopedic principles state that is essential to detect and early diagnosis of any orthopedic condition for proper treatment.