The prostate is a male sex gland located below the bladder and above the rectum, and is responsible for producing the seminal fluid. The BPH occurs when there is an increase in the size of the prostate gland due to a hormonal imbalance in men: an increase in female hormones (oestrogen) over male hormones (testosterone). It usually occurs in people over 70 years and some of the symptoms include: difficulty urinating, frequent urination, urgent feeling to urinate, need to press for emptying the bladder, etc. In severe cases, prostate hypertrophy can produce absolute inability to urinate, blood in urine or impaired kidney function. It is usually treated with medications (hormones) and, in more severe cases, surgery.
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