The most complete medical information written by the best doctors


Back injuries

Osteopathy, Orthopaedic surgery, Paediatric orthopaedics

What are back injuries? Back injuries may be caused by work, exercising, or an accident. Back injuries and back pain normally happen in the lower back. Some common symptoms include: Lower back pain or lumbago Aching or sharp pains Inability to stand up straight Muscle...

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Back pain

Pain medicine, Neurology, Neurosurgery, Orthopaedic surgery, Osteopathy, Ozone therapy, Physical therapy, Rheumatology, Sports medicine

What is back pain? Pain in the back is fairly common and usually goes away after a matter of weeks or months. Individuals can experience pain in any part of the back, from the coccyx at the...

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Bacterial vaginosis

Genitourinary Medicine, Obstetrics & gynaecology

What is bacterial vaginosis? Bacterial vaginosis, or BV, is a type of bacterial infection in the vagina. It occurs when the balance of bacteria in the vagina is upset, and one type of bacteria grows more than the others. What’s the prognosis? Bacterial vaginosis is generally a harmless condition but can cause...

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BAHA implant (Bone Anchored Hearing Aid)

Audiovestibular medicine, Otolaryngology / ENT

The BAHA system is an implant used to treat hearing loss. It combines an external sound processor that is implanted behind the ear, this is then connected tothe cochlear to transfer sound, rather than via the middle ear.

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Urology, Genitourinary Medicine

What is it? Balanitis is a skin irritation on the glans penis (the head of the penis). The inflammation causes redness, pain, itching and swelling to the tip of the penis. It can affect men and boys. Balanitis can be caused by fungi (Candidal balanitis), by bacteria (Gardnerella or Trichomonas vaginalis), by a trauma or an irritation or by dryness (thus causing a contact allergic reaction). Balanitis can either...

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Balloon enteroscopy


What is a balloon enteroscopy? A balloon enteroscopy is a procedure that allows doctors to both diagnose and treat certain problems in the digestive system. A thin, flexible tube with a camera on the end is inserted into the body, either through the mouth or the rectum depending on which part of the digestive tract is being investigated or treated. The endoscope has either one or

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Bariatric surgery

Surgery, GP (general practitioner)

What is bariatric surgery? Bariatric surgery uses a set of techniques and surgical procedures that help fight obesity and improve a patient's health. It is not to be mistaken as cosmetic surgery and does not come without risk, so the specialist must always advise the patient of the best type of treatment and optimal aftercare. The procedures available either limit the amount you eat, reduce your body’s ability...

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Bariatric surgery problems

Gastroenterology, Surgery

What are bariatric surgery problems? Bariatric surgery is a group of surgical procedures that aim to help obese or overweight patients to lose weight and improve their overall health (including

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Barrett's oesophagus

Gastroenterology, Surgery

What is Barrett's oesophagus? Barrett's oesophagus(spelt “Barrett’s esophagus” in the US) is a condition in which the tissue that lines the bottom of the oesophagus undergoes a change, usually in response to

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Basal cell carcinoma

Medical oncology, Plastic surgery, Dermatology

What is basal cell carcinoma? Basal cell carcinoma (also called basal cell cancer) affects the cells of the lower layer of the epidermis. It is the most common type of skin cancer and it mostly appears on areas of the skin that have had a...

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