The most complete medical information written by the best doctors


Back injuries

Osteopathy, Orthopaedic surgery, Paediatric orthopaedics

What are back injuries? Back injuries may be caused by work, exercising, or an accident. Back injuries and back pain normally happen in the lower back. Some common symptoms include:

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Back pain

Pain medicine, Neurology, Neurosurgery, Orthopaedic surgery, Osteopathy, Ozone therapy, Physiotherapy, Rheumatology, Sports medicine, Radiology, Physical medicine & rehabilitation

What is back pain? Pain in the back is fairly common and usually goes away after a matter of weeks or months. Individuals can experience pain in any part of the back, from the coccyx at the bottom of the spine to the neck. The most common complaint is low back pain (also known as...

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Bacterial vaginosis

Genitourinary Medicine, Obstetrics & gynaecology

What is bacterial vaginosis? Bacterial vaginosis, or BV, is a type of bacterial infection in the vagina. It occurs when the natural balance of bacteria in the vagina is upset, and one type of bacteria grows more than the others. Women of all ages can be affected, although women in their reproductive yearsare more likely to develop...

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BAHA implant (Bone Anchored Hearing Aid)

Audiovestibular medicine, Otolaryngology / ENT

What is a Bone Anchored Hearing Aid? A Bone Anchored Hearing Aid (BAHA) is a surgically-implanted hearing device that transmits sound vibrations through the bone in the skull, directly to the inner ear containing the cochlea, bypassing the eardrum and middle ear. The BAHA system is an alternative to the conventional hearing aids that are operated by amplifying acoustic sounds...

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Urology, Genitourinary Medicine

What is it? Balanitis is a skin irritation on the glans penis (the head of the penis). The inflammation causes redness, pain, itching and swelling to the tip of the penis. It can affect men and boys. Balanitis can be caused by fungi (Candidal balanitis), by bacteria (Gardnerella or Trichomonas vaginalis), by a trauma or an...

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Balloon enteroscopy


What is a balloon enteroscopy? A balloon enteroscopy is a procedure that allows doctors to both diagnose and treat certain problems in the digestive system. A thin, flexible tube with a camera on the end is inserted into the body, either through the mouth or the rectum depending on which part of the digestive tract is being investigated or treated. The endoscope has either one or

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Bariatric surgery

Surgery, GP (general practitioner)

What is bariatric surgery? Bariatric surgery uses a set of techniques and surgical procedures that help fight obesity and improve a patient's health. It is not to be mistaken as cosmetic surgery and does...

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Bariatric surgery problems

Gastroenterology, Surgery

What are bariatric surgery problems? Bariatric surgery is a group of surgical procedures that aim to help obese or overweight patients to lose weight and improve their overall...

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Barrett's oesophagus

Gastroenterology, Surgery

What is Barrett's oesophagus? Barrett's oesophagus(spelt “Barrett’s esophagus” in the US) is a condition in which the tissue that lines the bottom of the oesophagus undergoes a change, usually in response toacid refluxfrom...

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Basal cell carcinoma

Medical oncology, Plastic surgery, Dermatology , Oral & maxillofacial surgery

What is basal cell carcinoma? Basal cell carcinoma (also known asbasal cell cancer) affects the cells of the lower layer of the epidermis. It is the most common type of skin cancer and it mostly appears on areas of the skin that have had a lot of sun exposure, mainly beingthe...

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