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Back injuries

Orthopaedic surgery

What are back injuries? Back injuries may be caused by work, exercising, or an accident. Back injuries and back pain normally happen in the lower back. Some common symptoms include: Lower back pain or lumbago Aching or sharp pains Inability to stand up straight Muscle...

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Back pain

Orthopaedic surgery

Pain in the lower back is a pathology caused by various factors, such as excessive stress or poor posture. Less common is the lower back pain caused by more serious problems like herniated discs. The most common cause of lower back painis because the lumbar spine, the final segment of the spine, has endured excessive weight. The main symptom of this injury is pain that is usually located in the lower back, sometimesreaching the legs. This pathology may cause alterations in the...

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Bacterial vaginosis

Obstetrics & gynaecology

What is bacterial vaginosis? Bacterial vaginosis, or BV, is a type of bacterial infection in the vagina. It occurs when the balance of bacteria in the vagina is upset, and one type of bacteria grows more than the others. What’s the prognosis? Bacterial vaginosis is generally a harmless condition but can cause...

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Balanitis

Urology

What is it? Balanitis is a skin irritation on the glans penis (the head of the penis). The inflammation causes redness, pain, itching and swelling to the tip of the penis. It can affect men and boys. Balanitis can be caused by fungi (Candidal balanitis), by bacteria (Gardnerella or Trichomonas vaginalis), by a trauma or an irritation or by dryness (thus causing a contact allergic reaction). Balanitis can either...

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Balloon enteroscopy

Gastroenterology

What is a balloon enteroscopy? A balloon enteroscopy is a procedure that allows doctors to both diagnose and treat certain problems in the digestive system. A thin, flexible tube with a camera on the end is inserted into the body, either through the mouth or the rectum depending on which part of the digestive tract is being investigated or treated. The endoscope has either one or

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Bariatric surgery

Surgery

Bariatric surgery uses of a set of techniques and surgical procedures that helpfight obesity and improvethe patient's health. It is notto be mistaken as cosmetic surgery and does not come without risk, so the specialist must always advise the patient ofthe best type of treatment and optimal aftercare.

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Barrett's oesophagus

Surgery

What is Barrett's oesophagus? Barrett's oesophagus(spelt “Barrett’s esophagus” in the US) is a condition in which the tissue that lines the bottom of the oesophagus undergoes a change, usually in response to

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Basal cell carcinoma

Dermatology

Basal cell carcinoma is the most common form of skin cancer,it is non-melanoma. It can present asa shiny nodule or a patch similar to eczema. Most cases appear on areas that have been repeatedly exposed to the sun.

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Beating heart coronary heart bypass surgery (minimally invasive)

Cardiothoracic surgery

What is minimally-invasive beating heart coronary heart bypass surgery? Minimally-invasive beating heart coronary heart bypass surgery is a unique procedure as it is performed whilst the heart is still beating and without a heart-lung bypass machine. The surgeon cuts several small incisions into the chest (a thoracotomy) to access the coronary arteries. The smaller cuts expose only the sections of...

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Bedwetting

Urology

What is enuresis in children? Enuresis is the medical term for what is commonly known as bedwetting. It is quite common during childhood, and happens more in boys than girls, since the development of the sphincters takes a little longer in boys. Prognosis Enuresis in children is not a serious condition, but the reality is that it is a...

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