Breakthrough bleeding

Specialty of Obstetrics & gynaecology

What is breakthrough bleeding?

Breakthrough bleeding is vaginal bleeding that occurs between a woman's monthly menstrual periods.

What are the causes of breakthrough bleeding?

The causes of breakthrough bleeding can include:

In rare cases, stress can causes breakthrough bleeding.

Because there can be many causes, the best way to determine the cause is to undergo a gynecological examination.

Can breakthrough bleeding be prevented?

Depending on the cause, breakthrough bleeding sometimes cannot be prevented. However, in some cases it can be prevented by taking the following measures:

  • maintaining a healthy lifestyle and a normal weight, as being overweight can cause irregular periods
  • following the doctor's instructions to prevent hormonal imbalances (if you take oral contraceptives)

What is the treatment for breakthrough bleeding?

The treatment will depend on its cause, but usually, the following therapies are used:

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