- What are hereditary diseases?
- What are genetic studies and how important are they?
- What are the most common hereditary diseases?
- How are hereditary diseases diagnosed?
- Which specialist would typically deal with and treat hereditary diseases?
Hereditary diseases, also known as inherited diseases or genetic disorders, are defined and categorised as being a set of genetic diseases that are caused by changes in one's genetic material (DNA). These diseases are then transmitted from generation to generation, or in other words, they are inherited from parents to their children.
Genetic studies allow the identification of genes related to and/or responsible for a specific pathology. In addition, they allow personalised attention to each patient, and determine the risk in those cases with a family history of the disease. If a genetic study is performed thoroughly, many deaths can be avoided.
There are, unfortunately, a wide variety of hereditary diseases that people suffer from today. The most common ones include the following:
These kinds of genetic diseases can be detected through genetic testing.
The majority of hereditary diseases, particularly cancer, can be treated by a medical oncologist.