Metabolic syndrome, or plurimetabolic syndrome is the association of different health problems that can occur simultaneously or in a sequence in the same patient. Insulin resistance, genetics, environment and lifestyle are the most common causes related to this syndrome that involves a number of risks to the health, so they must be controlled immediately by a specialist. The insulin resistance causes diabetes, which is associated with a rise in blood pressure, increased cholesterol and triglyceride levels and obesity on the waist area. The main causes, especially in people over 40 years but also younger, include prolonged stress over time, a poor diet, and long fasting between meals. The general pattern of these patients is that, after a period of time with this lifestyle, they suddenly suffer a decline in their quality of life and health without seeming ill.