Laparoscopy is a surgical technique used to inspect the abdominal cavity, allowing the surgeon not to make large incisions. During the procedure, a laparoscope, which is a tube containing an optical system coupled with a light source, is inserted into the abdomen. The camera allows the doctor to inspect the pelvic organs from a monitor and, if necessary, to introduce other instruments through the same laparoscope to correct a problem. The advantages of laparoscopy are many, such as the patient requiring shorter hospitalisation and recovery time, fewer chances of infectious complications, less postoperative pain and no visible scars. Laparoscopy is used primarily in processes such as prostate cancer or some kidney diseases.