The pelvic organs (the bladder, vagina, uterus and rectum) are supported by what is called the pelvic floor, a complex network of muscles, fibrous tissues and ligaments that also help to keep the urethra closed. It is common for women of any age to experience weakness in these muscles, especially after a pregnancy or childbirth, which causes problems such as less control of the bladder, or a prolapsed bladder. At first, the treatment is based on taking some medications and doing what are known as Kegel exercises, which are intended to improve elasticity and muscle strength. But when these methods do not work, a reconstructive surgery of the pelvic floor may be necessary. This surgery can be carried out through the vagina, although in certain cases laparoscopy is used. The goal of pelvic floor surgery is to correct anomalies of the pelvic organs.
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