Periodontal surgery is the technique used to treat the tissues of the mouth affected by periodontal disease or pyorrhoea, a chronic bacterial infection that attacks the gums, ligaments and bone surrounding the tooth. Periodontal surgery allows the dentist to clean the contaminated tissues, smooth the root surfaces of the damaged dental piece and eliminate the pockets of infection. Periodontal surgery can replace or rebuild damaged structures using bone-like materials and also transplant lost tissue from the gums. In this way, gums can be reattached to the base of the teeth. The surgery should be accompanied by complementary periodontal maintenance.
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