Specialty of Paediatrics

Rhinitis is a disease of the nasal mucosa that causes sneezing, itchy nose, eyes and throat, lack of smell, obstruction, discharge, and nasal congestion. This pathology can be classified as allergic rhinitis, seasonal or perennial, and dry rhinitis. Seasonal allergic rhinitis, also known as hay fever, is caused by an allergy to late spring and early summer pollen, and therefore, symptoms, which can also be cutaneous, only appear at this time of year. Perennial allergic rhinitis is the same as seasonal in terms of symptoms, but differs in that it is continuous throughout the year. The origin of this type of rhinitis can be allergy to mites or certain species of atmospheric fungi, or for a non-allergic cause (vasomotor rhinitis). The most common treatment for allergic rhinitis is the administration of antihistamine medications. Dry rhinitis, unlike the allergic form, produces a dry nose, which can lead to clogging, bleeding, crusting and tightness in the nose. It can be caused by the use of certain drugs, the abuse of inhalers for nasal decongestion, contamination, temperature changes or dry environments. The treatment consists of using moisturising products to keep the nasal mucosa moist.
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