Vertigo

Specialty of Otolaryngology / ENT

Vertigo is characterised by a feeling of imbalance arising from the inner ear (vestibular system). When a sudden movement or a rapid change of the position of the head occurs, it can result in vertigo. The most common symptoms is dizziness which can also be caused by diseases or disorders such as arrhytmia or Ménière's disease.

The Vertigo is a sensation of instability of self or spinning objects in the environment, which is accompanied by malaise, fever, nausea, vomiting, loss of balance and feeling faint. It can be temporary or last days, and is usually caused by an alteration of the ear, the ear nerve connection to the brain or the brain itself. Also, the origin of these alterations may be an infection in the ear, lack of blood pressure, medications, skull fractures, brain tumors, pressure changes or loud noises, among others. There are different types of vertigo, classified according to the location of the problem that originates or feelings of the patient, ie if you notice instability of your body or if the environment that is spinning. The treatment involves the administration of drugs, as a function of the underlying cause dizziness, and the realization of a set of physical exercises.

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