Sports physical examination

Specialty of Orthopaedic surgery

What is a sports medical examination?

Sports medical check-ups are all those tests concerning the state of health of the athletes, fundamental to play sports in a safe way. It is recommended to carry it out annually or whenever you want to start a new sport, to know if you are physically prepared to practice it.

What happens during a sports medical examination?

A sports medical examination may be composed of a series of tests:

  • History: analysis of medical history and personal and family history.
  • Gait analysis: revision of the pelvis, spine, ankles, knees, etc.
  • Cardiovascular evaluation: checking blood pressure by listening to your pulse and heart beat
  • Electrocardiogram: obtains a graph of the electrical activity of the heart.
  • Respiratory assessment: this may involve listening to your breathing and spirometry (measures lung capacity and volume).
  • Body composition: calculation of bone, muscle and fat weight.
  • Evaluation of aerobic endurance test: consisting of running on treadmill or athletic track.

Why is a sports medical examination carried out?

The objective of a sports medical examination is to confirm that someone is ready for a certain sports activity, and to anticipate any difficulties the person may have. Anyone can benefit from an examination, whether they play sport to a professional level or would just like to take up a new sport as a hobby.

Preparing for a sports medical examination

Before submitting to the test, it is recommended to take the following measures:

  • Wear loose, comfortable clothes
  • Avoid heavy exercise for 24 hours before the exam
  • Eat light food, do not smoke, do not drink coffee, alcohol or stimulants on the day

Meaning of abnormal results of a sports medical examination

A sports medical examination may reveal issues such as:

After you are given the results of your exam you may be referred to another specialist, such as a cardiologist or physiotherapist, for further investigation and treatment.

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