Vascular trauma is any impairment on an arterial, venous or lymphatic level. The most common location is in the limbs and often associated with neurological damage to bones or limbs. The time between when the traumatic injury occurred to the start of treatment should be as short as possible to avoid serious complications. Among the most common causes of vascular injury are road accidents, domestic accidents, and work accidents. Vascular trauma can also manifest as spider veins, varicose veins, or telangiectasia, but the most important common symptom is bleeding. Physical and complementary examinations are crucial to diagnose and assess the condition of the patient to rule out other associated injuries such as to the chest, abdomen or skull/brain. It is also very important to maintain the vital functions of the patient and stop the bleeding with medical or surgical treatment.