Amniocentesis is a test that is done during pregnancy. A needle is inserted through the mother’s abdominal wall and the wall of the uterus to finally reach and go through the amniotic sac in order to take some amniotic fluid. Afterwards, this sample is analysed to rule out genetic and chromosome problems in the baby, such as anencephaly, Down syndrome, spina bifida, Rh incompatibility, infections and rare metabolic disorders passed down from parents to children. Amniocentesis is usually recommended to women who are at risk of having a child with genetic disorder due to their family history, among other reasons. Although the risks of the test are minor, they can include: infection or injury to the baby, spontaneous abortion, loss of amniotic fluid and vaginal bleeding.