Kidney transplant is an operation that involves removing a kidney from a previously healthy individual (from a living donor or not) for a patient who requires one, usually because the patient is in the terminal stage of a chronic kidney disease. During the operation, the surgeon connects the artery and renal vein of the lower abdomen to the new kidney. The transplanted kidney begins to produce urine as blood starts to flow and starts doing the job of the kidney that was not working, so the dialysis treatment can be stopped. The operation is technically simple and after it the patient can lead a normal life, but needs to take medication for the rest of his/her life to prevent the body from rejecting the new kidney.
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