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Karyotyping

Clinical genetics

Karyotyping is the process used to examine your set of chromosomes. A karyotype then is a photograph of your chromosomes in order to assess the chromosomes of an individual. This can be used to check if any of your chromosomes are either missing or damaged. If any of your chromosomes are missing or damaged, it can indicate a genetic disorder, such as Turner syndrome or Down syndrome. Sometimes babies are...

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Kawasaki disease

Paediatrics

What is Kawasaki disease? Kawasaki disease is a rare childhood condition mainly affecting children under the age of five. It causes inflammation in the walls of the blood vessels, which leads to a number of symptoms, including a rash, swelling, fever, and swelling and inflammation of the mouth and...

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Keloid scars

Dermatology

Keloid scars are formed during the healing of a wound. In the process, too much scartissue is formedand causes abnormal growth, which is usually large and red. Keloid scars and hypertrophic scars are different. These are less thick and deformed.

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Keratitis

Ophthalmology

What is it? Keratitis is a condition in which the eye's cornea becomes inflamed, mostly due to an ongoing infection. However, surgical trauma or any foreign object entering the eyes can also cause inflammation. This condition can affect anyone, but people with weakened immune function (caused by diseases such as HIV) and people who wear contact lenses have a higher risk of developing keratitis.

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Keratoconus

Ophthalmology

What is keratoconus? Keratoconus is an eye disorder in which the corneal tissue thins and deforms. The cornea is unable to support the internal eye pressure and it bulges out in a cone shape, hence the name, kerato, which means cornea, and conus, which means cone shaped. It is a degenerative condition of the cornea that appears progressively in one or both eyes.

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Keratoprostheses (artificial cornea)

Ophthalmology

This is a surgical treatment where an artificialcornea is inserted to replace a damaged or diseased one.It is usually undertaken if a donor cannot be found or has not been successful.,

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Ketogenic diet

Nutrition & dietetics

What is the ketogenic diet? The ketogenic diet is a low carb diet where the body produces small fuel modules in the liver called ketones, which are used as energy. Ketones are an alternative fuel for the body, used when the blood sugar (glucose) is in short supply. Through eating very few carbohydrates, moderate amounts of protein and high levels of natural fats, ketones are produced. They are produced in the liver from fat and...

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Ketogenic enteral nutrition (KEN)

Nutrition & dietetics

What is the ketogenic enteral nutrition (KEN) diet? The ketogenic enteral nutrition (or KEN) diet is an extreme weight loss method where a patient is fed a protein-based solution 24-hours a day, through a tube for ten days. KEN is a short-term treatment for obesity and assists overweight patients with a body mass index (BMI) over 25. How does KEN work? A doctor inserts a narrow nasogastric feeding tube through the patient’s nose,...

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Kid's diet

Aesthetic medicine

The family, health authorities and the school should all work together when it comes to children's nutrition. It is important to make the child aware of the importance of good eating habits for their correct physical and intellectual developmentand to establish appropriate eating habits. A diet for children should be balanced, distributing the food in five meals a day, following these recommendations: daily intake of fresh and varied food (legumes, milk, meat, etc.), five pieces of...

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Kidney biopsy

Nephrology

What is a kidney biopsy? A kidney biopsy (or renal biopsy) is a diagnostic test in which the doctor extracts a small piece of tissue from the patient’s kidney to examine in a laboratory for signs of disease or kidney damage. Why is...

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