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Clinical genetics

What is karyotyping? Karyotyping is a process used by doctors to examine your set of chromosomes. A karyotype is a photograph of your chromosomes that can be used to assess the chromosomes of an individual and can then be used to check if any abnormalities or structural problems. If there are, it can indicate a

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Kawasaki disease

Paediatric cardiology, Paediatrics

What is Kawasaki disease? Kawasaki disease is a rare childhood condition mainly affecting children under the age of five. It causes inflammation in the walls of the blood vessels, which leads to a number of symptoms, including a rash, swelling, fever, and swelling and inflammation of the mouth and tongue (which is dubbed a “strawberry tongue” due to the red, swollen appearance).

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Keloid scars

Plastic surgery, Dermatology , Clinical oncology

What are keloid scars? Keloid scars are formed during the healing of a wound. In the process, too much scar tissue is formed, resulting in abnormal growth, which is usually large, lumpy and red in appearance. The keloids that develop can sometimes be bigger than the actual wound ever...

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Ophthalmology , Paediatric ophthalmology

What is it? Keratitis is a condition in which the eye's cornea becomes inflamed, mostly due to an ongoing infection. However, surgical trauma or any foreign object entering the eyes can also cause inflammation. This condition can affect anyone, but people with weakened immune function (caused by diseases such as HIV) and people who wear contact lenses...

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Ophthalmology , Optometry

What is keratoconus? Keratoconus is an eye disorder in which the corneal tissue thins and deforms. The cornea is unable to support the internal eye pressure and it bulges out in a cone shape, hence the name, kerato, which means cornea, and conus, which means cone shaped in Latin. It is a degenerative condition of the cornea that appears progressively...

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Keratoprostheses (artificial cornea)


What are keratoprostheses (artificial cornea)? Keratoprostheses is a surgical treatment where an artificialcornea is inserted to replace a damaged or diseased cornea, which has led to corneal blindness. It is usually required in cases where traditional

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Ketogenic diet

Endocrinology, diabetes & metabolism, Nutrition & dietetics

What is the ketogenic diet? The ketogenic diet is a low carb diet where the body produces small fuel modules in the liver called ketones, which are used as energy. Ketones are an alternative fuel for the body, used when the blood sugar (glucose) is in short supply. Through eating very few carbohydrates, moderate amounts of protein and high levels of natural fats, ketones are produced. They are produced in the...

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Ketogenic enteral nutrition (KEN)

Gastroenterology, Nutrition & dietetics

What is the ketogenic enteral nutrition (KEN) diet? The ketogenic enteral nutrition (or KEN) diet is an extreme weight loss method where a patient is fed a protein-based solution 24-hours a day, through a tube for ten days. KEN is a short-term treatment for obesity and assists overweight patients with a body mass index (BMI) over 25.

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Kid's diet

Aesthetic medicine , Nutrition & dietetics

What is a kid's diet? A child’s diet should be balanced and nutritious. It is important to teach children that good eating habits are essential for their proper physical and intellectual development, and to establish appropriate eating habits. Children’s nutrition should be the responsibility of...

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Kidney biopsy


What is a kidney biopsy? A kidney biopsy (or renal biopsy) is a diagnostic test in which thenephrologist extracts a small piece of tissue from the patient’s kidney to examine in a laboratory for signs of disease or...

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