Preventive cardiology is the set of measures that tend to protect the person from the possibility of suffering a particular medical condition. The high incidence and high mortality due to ischaemic heart disease have made society aware of prevention, the importance to raise awareness and awareness campaigns, with the aim of trying to avoid and combat the so-called risk factors: obesity, tobacco, hypertension, sedentary life and hypercholesterolaemia. This type of action prior to the onset of the disease is called primary prevention, while the secondary prevention uses certain medical or even surgical guidelines, such as bypass surgery, to improve quality and survival rates.
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