Premature menopause (before the age of 40) and early menopause (before the age of 45), whether spontaneous or induced has long-term health risks. We asked Professor Gordana Prelevic to tell us how women can reduce health risks associated with premature menopause with hormone replacement therapy or HRT.
Urinary problems can be anything from difficulty in passing urine, going to the bathroom too often during the night, or even having the urge to go the toilet when you don't really need to. Leading Cambridge urologist explains just which tests are used to test your urine flow and find out what's going on.
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a relatively common condition affecting a woman’s ovaries, which can lead to various symptoms, including difficulty conceiving a child. What causes PCOS and what effects can it have? Experienced gynaecologist Mr Parijat Bhattacharjee explains.
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a widely-used talking therapy for patients with psychological conditions, and is frequently used to treat depression, anxiety, stress, and many others. Can CBT help patients on the autistic spectrum? Consultant psychologist Dr Bijal Chheda-Varma has the answers.
The appendix is a very small pouch that is attached to the large bowel, however, nobody knows what its exact purpose is. We do, however, know that removing the appendix is not harmful. Sometimes the appendix can become inflamed, which requires urgent medical attention. This is known as appendicitis. Mr James Kirkby-Bott, an experienced general surgeon, provides us with a summary of this condition, which is one to be aware of.
Corneal ulcers are painful sores that develop on the cornea (the transparent layer on the front of the eye that covers the pupil, iris and anterior chamber). Professor Parwez Hossain, a leading ophthalmologist, details what this eye condition is and why they are important to be aware of. Whilst corneal ulcers are dangerous to our vision, they are not all that uncommon either.
Some women may have differences in their size of breasts, whilst others with tuberous breast may experience more significant alterations such as breasts elongated in shape, droopy or with protruding nipples. Expert plastic surgeon Mr Navid Jallali explains how tuberous breasts can be corrected.
Preservation rhinoplasty consists of remodelling the existing anatomy of your nose, using very few tissue resections and often no grafts, to achieve a more natural appearance of your nose. We asked facial plastic surgeon Mr Charles East what people want when they come to him for a rhinoplasty and how rhinoplasty techniques are changing for the better.
Lymphoedema is a condition characterised by the swelling of the limbs caused by fluid retention. Fluid retention occurs in patients with this condition because their lymphatic system is unable to properly drain the lymph fluid. In many cases, it is the legs, arms and fingers that become swollen. It can be a difficult condition to live with, as it can cause discomfort, pain and difficulty moving. Mr Damir Kosutic, a top plastic surgeon, details the treatments available for lymphoedema, which include surgery, liposuction, and combining it with breast reconstruction surgery.