What is Brugada Syndrome?
Brugada syndrome is a potentially life-threatening heart rhythm disorder that is mostly inherited. It is much more common in men than women and can be diagnosed with an electrocardiogram.
An echocardiogram is also needed to find abnormalities in the structure of the heart. There is also a genetic test that can identify any genetic alteration confirming the disease.
What are the symptoms of Brugada Syndrome?
The majority of people who suffer from this condition don’t experience symptoms, however, those that do may experience the following:
- Fainting (syncope)
- Arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats) or palpitations
- Gasping and breathing difficulties
- Sudden cardiac arrest
What are the causes of Brugada Syndrome?
Generally, it is a hereditary disorder, although, in some cases, certain hormonal disorders, electrolyte imbalances or cocaine use may increase the risk of suffering from it. Genetics play a major role, but it is not enough to be the only cause behind the syndrome.
Some people are more at risk of the syndrome than others.
- Brugada syndrome occurs more frequently among Asians than any other race
- Those with a fever can experience Brugada syndrome if the fever irritates the heart and causes a person to faint suddenly or suffer sudden cardiac arrest
- More men are diagnosed with the syndrome than women
What is the treatment for Brugada Syndrome?
Preventative measures can be taken to lessen the risk of developing the condition; such as avoiding certain medications and when necessary, the condition is treated with the implantation of a cardioverter-defibrillator which monitors the rhythm of the heart.
You can usually lead a normal life with Brugada Syndrome, although it is important to attend medical checkups to control the disease.