Facial reconstruction surgery encompasses various techniques applied in the treatment of congenital and non-congenital diseases. It is used to restore the appearance of someone´s face to a more normal condition, specifically after a traumatic injury or condition has severely altered the patient´s face.
Microsurgical facial reconstruction surgery encompasses various techniques applied both in the treatment of fractures or trauma sequels that have caused the loss of part of the structure of the face or functionality because of congenital conditions or diseases. Among congenital conditions that can be solved, are remarkable different kinds of facial paralysis and atrophy, which prevents adequate mobility of muscles and structures of the jaw and / or the eyes and the facial expression (for example, Syndrome Parry-Romberg, the Moebius, or Binder, among others). The facial microsurgery is responsible for replacing the facial areas affected and recover both its appearance (deformations or facial injuries) as injuries that hinder its functionality through individualized tissue transplants, nerve and muscle grafts techniques. Currently, advanced microscopic techniques transplant tissues from the same patient allow rebuilding successfully face even involve great complexity, given the nature of this area of the human anatomy. Therefore, depending on each case several surgeries in stages may be needed to achieve completely solve the patient's pathology.