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Muscular dystrophy

Orthopaedic surgery

What is muscular dystrophy? Muscular dystrophies (MD) are a group of muscle diseases that results in increasing weakening and breakdown of the neuromuscular system, leading to an increasing level of disability. Some common types of MD include: Becker MD limb-girdle...

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Macroglossia

Plastic surgery

What is macroglossia? Macroglossia is the medical term used to describe an unusually large tongue. This usually occurs due to an increase in tissue, rather than a growth. It may also be referred to as giant tongue or enlarged tongue.

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Macular degeneration (AMD)

Ophthalmology

What is macular degeneration? The macula is the part of the eye that provides us with clear vision. As we grow, its function loses its abilities, causing macular degeneration, also known as AMD. It is a fairly common ailment from the age of 60 onwards and can occur at various levels, sometimes it is imperceptible. On the contrary, it can also be developed in a much more virulent way, causing a total and progressive loss of sight. There are

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Macular hole

Ophthalmology

What is a macular hole? A macular hole is a traction tear in the macula, which is the centre of the retina. The retina is responsible for providing the high resolution required for everyday activities such as reading. There are two types of macular hole: lamellar macular holes do not affect the entire thickness of the retina, while full-thickness macular holes do. There are also different stages of...

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Macular oedema

Ophthalmology

What is macular oedema? Macular oedema is an eye disease that causes fluid to build up in the macula, the part of the eye that provides clear, sharp vision. As this is a very sensitive and important area of the eye, when this accumulation of fluid occurs, vision is lost and objects are observed in a distorted way. It may also affect only certain parts of the eye or the entire macular. It is a pathology associated with diabetic patients, as it is one of the main visual problems...

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Magnetic resonance angiogram

Radiology

What is magnetic resonance angiography? Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) is a technique which is used to evaluate and study the blood vessels and identify any abnormalities. A powerful magnetic field and radio frequency waves are used to produce detailed images of the arteries in the body on a computer screen. MRAs can examine blood vessels in the brain, neck, heart, chest, legs and feet, among other areas in the body.

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Magnetic therapy

Physical therapy

Magnetotherapy is a physiotherapy practiceemploying static or permanent magnetic fields on the body. The application is effected by magnets of high or low frequency depending on the type of pathology to be treated. It is especially effective in treating pain conditions resulting from inflammation but can be used to solve a large number of diseases because of its few side effects.

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Magnetoencephalography

Neurophysiology

What is magnetoencephalography? Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is a medical test used to analyse brain activity by measuring the magnetic fields produced by electrical currents in the brain. It is arguably the most advanced method of recording and analysing a functioning brain, holding...

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Male genital surgery

Plastic surgery

Penis enhancement is a procedure performed to extendthe lengthof the penisand/or increaseits girth. It is also used to treat certain malformations of the foreskin, and in certainclinical cases where penis size is extremely small. Surgery can lengthen the penis up to three centimetres and is conducted through a skin incision at the base of the genital organ under the pubic bone. Thickening surgery involves the injection of fat from the patient, or other fillers,...

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Male infertility

Urology

Male infertility is a health condition where a male’s chances of getting his partner pregnant a reduced. Infertility is classed as being unable to conceive after frequent, unprotected sex, with around 15% of couples unable to conceive when having unprotected sex, approximately 40-50% of these cases are due to male infertility. What are...

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