Polycystic ovaries (PCOS)

Specialty of Obstetrics & gynaecology

Polycystic ovaries is a condition that occurs when there is an imbalance in the female ovaries or adrenal glands so they produce more male hormones than normal. The result is the development of cysts (tiny fluid-filled balloons) in the ovaries. Women can develop the syndrome during the teen years or reproductive age, being more common in obese women. Although sometimes there are no symptoms, some symptoms the patient may experience include irregular, infrequent or absent menstrual periods, infertility, pelvic pain, excess hair on the face, chest, abdomen and fingers, hair loss or weak hair, acne, oily skin or dandruff. Birth control pills can help regulate the period and reduce male hormone levels, so this is the treatment usually prescribed for polycystic ovaries. When the ovaries produce multiple small cysts (no more than 1 cm in diameter), it is micropolycystic ovaries syndrome, which usually has the same symptoms. Likewise, the treatment for micropolycystic ovaries may also be based on the administration of the contraceptive pill.

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