Spondyloarthrosis or osteoarthritis of the spine is a degenerative disease of the cartilage of the joints that can affect the cervical, lumbar or dorsal area. The causes of this condition can be age, trauma, vertebral deformity, infections, obesity, overload, postural problems and other alterations, such as rheumatism or collagen diseases. The main symptom of spondyloarthrosis is pain in the affected area, although dorsal spondyloarthrosis can be asymptomatic. In the case of lumbar osteoarthritis, pain is located in the lower part of the back and usually extends to the buttocks, and in some cases towards the legs. Initial treatment should be with medication and physiotherapy. Surgery is for cases in which the patient suffers persistent and uncontrollable pain, and is unable to control it with medication.