A dental implant is the attachment of an artificial componet to the jaw bone that replaces the root of a lost tooth. To implant it, the dentist must nail a titanium screw into the maxillary bone, on which a prosthetic crown (an artificial tooth) is placed. This surgical procedure can be classified into several types, depending on the phases in which it is carried out: immediate dental implants, when the implant is placed immediately after the extraction of the tooth, shortening the time of rehabilitation and avoiding a second surgery; recent dental implants, when the time between extraction and implant is between six and eight weeks; deferred implants, when the dentist first makes a regeneration of the bone, and then waits for about six months to make the implants; and, mature dental implants, when more than nine months have passed between both phases.
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