Specialty of Endocrinology, diabetes & metabolism

Hyperandrogenism, or androgen excess is a disorder characterized by an excessive presence of androgens in women. Androgens are male sex hormones (testosterone, androsterone, androstenedione) that cause the development of certain male characteristics or body changes such as increased body hair (hirsutism), alopecia, acne or seborrhoea, disturbances in the menstrual cycle, elimination of ovulation, and change in the voice. The main causes of this disorder include polycystic ovarian syndrome, a malfunction of the adrenal gland, enzyme deficiency during pregnancy (aromatase deficiency, when the disorder is of gestational origin), or the administration of certain drugs. Treatment depends on the causes.

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