Laparotomy or surgical exploration of the abdomen is a surgery that aims to explore the organs and structures of the lower abdomen, such as the appendix, intestines, kidneys, liver, pancreas, gallbladder, bladder, uterus, etc. It is recommended when you have not received an accurate diagnosis with medical tests such as X-rays and CT scans. The surgeon removes a sample of tissue (biopsy) for later laboratory analysis. The exploratory laparotomy, which is performed while the patient is asleep under general anaesthesia, is useful to diagnose and treat diseases such as ovarian cancer, ectopic pregnancy, endometriosis, gallstones, appendicitis, etc.
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