Mouth cancer

Specialty of Otolaryngology / ENT

What is mouth cancer?

Mouth cancer is the most common type of head and neck cancer. It can affect:

  • The lips
  • The gums
  • The tongue
  • The inside of the cheeks
  • The floor and roof of the mouth

What are the symptoms of mouth cancer?

Symptoms of mouth cancer include:

  • Sore mouth ulcers that don’t heal within a few weeks
  • Unexplained lumps in the mouth that don’t heal
  • Unexplained numbness or strange sensations on the lips and tongue
  • Unexplained loose teeth
  • White or red patches on the lining of the mouth or tongue

What causes mouth cancer?

Tobacco and alcohol consumption increases the risk of developing mouth cancer, as does infection with HIV.

Mouth cancer treatment

For a suspicious-looking mouth wound that has not healed in a couple of weeks, the doctor should be consulted to examine the lesion.

Early detection is essential for the treatment of mouth cancer. Treatment may involve radiotherapy, chemotherapy, surgery, or a combination of the three. Some patients require reconstructive surgery to restore the affected area to its normal functionality and appearance afterwards.

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