Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) (kidney reflux)

Specialty of Paediatric urology

Vasicoureteral reflux (VUR), also known as vasicoureteric reflux, or kidney reflux is a condition where the urine flows backwards from the bladder to the kidneys. This can cause bacteria present in the urine to travel to the kidneys, causing kidney infection. In children, it can be caused by a birth defect where the ureters (the valves in the urethra) don’t develop correctly. Treatment involves antibiotics to treat infections, as the defect usually corrects itself by five years of age, however, surgery may be required in some cases. 

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