Liver Biopsy

Specialty of Hepatology (liver specialist)

A liver biopsy is a minor surgery in which a sample of liver tissue is removed for analysis. This way, it is possible to accurately diagnose the state of this organ and to detect liver diseases such as cancer, infections, cirrhosis or hepatitis, in cases where previous blood tests, x-rays and ultrasounds have not been able to determine the cause of the liver problem. There are several techniques to perform a liver biopsy but the most common are: percutaneous biopsy, which requires only local anaesthesia and consists of a puncture in the abdominal wall with a needle that has light and allows getting a sample of liver tissue; trans jugular liver biopsy, more recommended for patients at high risk of bleeding, and is carried out with a needle that is inserted into the liver via the hepatic vein; fine-needle aspiration, a useful technique for analysing certain liver diseases; laparoscopic biopsy, which, through an incision in the abdominal wall, allows visualizing the liver to take the sample.
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