Cervical cancer most commonly affects younger women, so it is important to have regular cervical smear tests to ensure that any sign of pre-cancerous cells is dealt with. If abnormalities are detected in a smear test, you may be referred for a colposcopy. CIN is one such abnormality that a colposcopy can detect. Mr Angus McIndoe, a leading gynaecologist, explains what CIN is and how they can be treated.
Why does the menopause happen, and why does it seem to affect people differently? We spoke to Mr Arvind Vashisht, a leading consultant gynaecologist based in London.
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are never fun, with patients suffering pain while urinating, frequent trips to the toilet, and abdominal pain. The worst part is that some people seem to get them again and again. What causes recurrent UTIs? Expert urologist Mr Ranjan Thilagarajah provides some answers to this common problem.
Amenorrhoea is the term used to describe when a woman stops having regular periods. This can affect women of any age up until the menopause. Dr Maria Papadopoulou, a leading obstetrician and gynaecologist, discusses the causes of amenorrhoea and its relation to infertility and pregnancy.
In vitro fertilisation is a form of fertility treatment that can help women to get pregnant. Dr Benjamin Abramov, a leading fertility specialist, answers some more frequently asked questions about IVF, following on from part one.
Once women have gone through the menopause, they should not experience any bleeding, spotting or coloured discharge. If this is experienced postmenopausally, you should seek the advice of a specialist. Mr Angus McIndoe, a renowned obstetrician and gynaecologist, explains what happens at a doctor’s appointment when investigating postmenopausal bleeding and the possible causes behind it.
Dyspareunia (pronounced dis-par-oo-nee-ar) is the medical term for difficult/painful sexual intercourse. This condition affects 10-20% women at some point in their lives. We asked our gynaecologist Mr Paul Carter about dyspareunia, how to tackle it and what causes it in the first place.
Fibroids are relatively common, affecting an estimated 1/3 of women, and particularly those between the ages of 30 and 50. Leading gynaecologist Mr Kausik Das explains the symptoms that fibroids can cause, why they occur, and when treatment is necessary.
Endometriosis is a painful condition that affects women of childbearing age. The cells that line the inside of the womb, grow outside of the womb and into the pelvic organs such as the ovaries, fallopian tubes and the large bowel. Expert gynaecologist Mr Nitish Narvekar explains more, including how to relieve symptoms when there is a flare up...