Medical articles of Surgery More than 1108 items endorsed by the best medical specialists

What happens when bowel cancer metastasises to the liver?

Some patients diagnosed with colorectal (bowel) cancer, also present with liver metastases. The liver is the most common site in the body of patients with bowel cancer for metastasis to occur due to its anatomical location. Whilst this can be a very challenging diagnosis to be given, treatment can be possible, as well as cure. Mr Nicola de’ Liguori Carino, an experienced hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgeon, explains how liver metastases are identified and treated in patients with colorectal cancer.

Surviving pancreatic cancer

Symptoms of the most common form of pancreatic cancer are usually non-specific. Often a person starts to experience mid-back pain, which may or may not be associated with upper tummy pain. A feeling of heartburn may also bother the affected person for a long period, requiring repeated medical attention. Professor Hemant Kocher talks to us about spotting the signs, screening and survival rates of pancreatic cancer.

Irreversible electroporation and the nanoknife

Cancer is an ever-present danger to our health, affecting thousands of people in the UK, and capable of appearing in almost any part of the body. New treatments are always being researched and developed to combat cancer. Could electrical pulses provide an answer to those cancers that are difficult to treat with surgery or chemotherapy? We asked expert surgeon Mr Nicola de’ Liguori Carino.

How common is varicocele and will I require surgery?

Varicocele is a condition where the veins responsible for delivering blood from the male testicles to the main systemic veins, develop faulty valves. This consequently leads to pooling of blood within the veins surrounding the testicles and eventually their engorgement and dilatation. We asked interventional radiologist Dr Sami Abdelghaffar to answer some questions about varicocele.

ERCP: what are the possible complications?

ERCP test is a common treatment used by gastroenterologists and general surgeons to diagnose conditions of the liver, pancreas or gall bladder, including bile duct cancer. However, as with all surgical procedures, there runs a risk of complications. Leading surgeon Mr Joseph Varghese believes that all patients have the right to know the risks of any procedure before consenting. Here he explains more...

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