The most complete medical information written by the best doctors


Eagle syndrome

Otolaryngology / ENT

What is Eagle syndrome? Eagle syndrome, also known as styloid syndrome, stylohyoid syndrome, or styloid-carotid artery syndrome, is a rare disorder of the stylohyoid ligaments that connect the skull with the hyoid bone of the neck. The condition may occur as a result of an elongated or misshaped styloid process (a slim pointed bone located just below the ear).

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Ear infection

Paediatric otolaryngology, Paediatrics, Otolaryngology / ENT, Family medicine, GP (general practitioner)

Index What is an ear infection? What are the symptoms? What are the causes? Can ear infections go away on their own? What are the treatments? Do antibiotics help? What are home remedies for an ear infection?

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Ear neuro-surgery

Otolaryngology / ENT

What is otoneurosurgery? Otoneurosurgery is the branch of neurology dedicated to surgically treating all pathologies encompassed within it, including diseases affecting the inner ear and a number of nerves that run through or near the ear (facial, auditory, vestibular and lower cranial pairs, hypoglossal, vagal and spinal). Treatment includes acoustic neuroma surgery, posterior fossa surgery and surgery of the lateral region of the skull base, among others. The...

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Ear wax plugs

Otolaryngology / ENT, Paediatric otolaryngology

What are wax plugs? Earwax build-up, also known as earwax plugs, are the accumulation of earwax in the ear, which usually result in hearing loss. In the external auditory canal there are a series of glands and follicles that create wax, which accumulates in the outer ear, where it is removed by...

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Plastic surgery, Otolaryngology / ENT, Paediatric otolaryngology

What is Earfold®? Earfold® is an alternative to surgery for prominent ears. It is an implant which is designed to reposition the ears, and the use of an implant offers an alternative to otoplasty, which is a more invasive procedure which pins the ears back or...

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Earlobe rejuvenation

Aesthetic medicine

The lobe is the fleshy, rounded, lower part of the ear. What is earlobe rejuvenation? As the earlobe ages it loses collagen and elastin, becoming less dense and more flaccid and taking on a wrinkled, irregular appearance. The preauricular area may also deteriorate, with the appearance of vertical wrinkles that make the ear look even more...

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Early menopause

Fertility specialist, Obstetrics & gynaecology

What is early menopause? Most women begin menopause, which is when the periods stop, between the ages of 45 and 55. Early menopause occurs before age 45 and premature menopause refers to onset before age 40. What are the causes of early menopause? Early menopause occurs naturally if a woman’s ovaries stop making normal levels of certain hormones, including the hormone oestrogen. This is known as premature ovarian failure. Other possible...

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Early rheumatoid arthritis


Index: 1. What is early rheumatoid arthritis? 2. What are the symptoms of early rheumatoid arthritis? 3. What causes early rheumatoid arthritis?

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Eating disorders

Psychology, Child & adolescent psychiatry, Endocrinology, diabetes & metabolism, Gastroenterology, Internal medicine, Nutrition & dietetics, Paediatric endocrinology, diabetes & metabolism, Paediatrics, Psychiatry

What are eating disorders? An eating disorder is when someone has a very unhealthy attitude to food, body weight or shape. Eating disorders are serious illnesses that can prove fatal if not treated. The most common types of eating disorders are: Anorexia nervosa: when an individual tries to keep their body weight as low as possible by not eating...

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Cardiology, Paediatric cardiology, Internal medicine, Cardiothoracic surgery

What is an echocardiogram? An echocardiogram is a non-invasive, painless ultrasound scan carried out to create an image of the heart. The exam uses ultrasound waves to view the structure and examine the...

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